How and What is Teen Acne
Before we get into the answer of how and what is teen acne we must understand that almost all teens get acne.
Doesn’t help you right!!!!!! But keep reading.
It happens when sebum clogs pores.
Sebum is an oily, waxy substance produced by your body’s sebaceous glands. It coats, moisturizes, and protects your skin.
It’s also the main ingredient in what you might think of as your body’s natural oils.
So, what exactly is sebum made up of? As an article from Harvard Medical School explains, “sebum is a complex mixture of fatty acids, sugars, waxes, and other natural chemicals that form a protective barrier against water evaporation.”.
If you have very oily skin, your body may be producing an excess amount of the mixture of lipids (fat-like molecules) that make up sebum.
Of course, what we call “oil” on our skin is made up of more than just sebum. It also contains a mixture of sweat, dead skin cells, and tiny particles of pretty much whatever else is in the dust floating around you.
Your face, in particular, may have as many as 900 sebaceous glands per square centimeter of skin.
Pimples usually pop up on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. Acne isn’t a serious health risk, though severe acne can cause permanent scars.
Acne can also damage self-esteem.
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Acne can appear as one of the following:
Blackheads: Black bumps that are impacted pores in which material pushes out through the follicles. The black color is not from dirt. It may be from bacteria, dead skin cells, and matter that reacts with oxygen.
Whiteheads: White dots that are pores impacted with oil and skin covered by skin layers.
Papules, pustules or nodules: More serious lesions appearing red and swollen due to inflammation or infection of the tissue around the clogged follicles, which are often painful and feel hard.
Cysts: Deep, pus-filled pimples.
The Process for Treating Teen Acne
Nonprescription topical treatments: “Topical” means that you put these products on your skin. They’re not pills. These include acetic acid, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and sulfur. These treatments are available in many forms including gels, lotions, creams, soaps, and pads. When these products are used regularly, they can effective in treating acne.
Prescription topical treatments: These include adapalene, antibiotics, azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, dapsone, tazarotene, and tretinoin.
Prescription oral drug treatments: For people with moderate to severe acne, doctors often prescribe oral antibiotics (pills) in addition to topical medication. Oral antibiotics are thought to help control acne by curbing the growth of bacteria, thereby decreasing inflammation. They are usually taken daily for four to six months and then tapered and discontinued as acne improves. The most potent oral drug, isotretinoin (Absorica, Amnesteem, Claravis, Myorisan and Zenatane), is usually taken once or twice a day for 16 to 20 weeks. It is believed to reduce the size of the oil glands so that much less oil is produced and to help prevent clogged pores. That curbs the growth of acne-causing bacteria. Because of the risk of birth defects, women of childbearing age must not be pregnant and must not become pregnant while taking isotretinoin.
In office treatments: Cysts can be treated with a series of intralesional cortisone injections. A red light therapy can be used to decrease inflammation and bacteria on the skin. A salicylic acid peel can be used to unclog the pores.
Acne Prevention Tips
Here are tips that may help control acne.
- Don’t over-wash or use harsh scrubs. Acne is not caused by dirt. Two gentle washings a day is enough. Too much cleaning can leave skin irritated and dry, triggering glands to produce more oil, increasing the likelihood of pimples.
- Use oil-free or noncomedogenic products (those that won’t clog pores) on your face.
- Don’t squeeze or pick blemishes. Popping pimples can drive acne bacteria deeper into the skin. Picking can lead to more inflammation and permanent scarring.
Don’t let acne define who you are. Do what you can to improve your skin, working with a dermatologist, if necessary, and keep doing the things you enjoy.
Things that can make acne worse
- Friction caused by leaning on or rubbing the skin
- Dirty hair touching your face
- Harsh scrubbing of your face
- Picking or squeezing blemishes
- Pressure from bike helmets, backpacks, or tight collars
- Changing hormone levels in adolescent girls and adult women two to seven days before the start of the menstrual period
The best Treatment for Acne for both teenage guys and teen girls is exactly the same. Teen girls can have breakouts at certain times of the month but this can be helped by using the above tips and for you just to be a little bit more aware at these stages, extra precautions may include watching your diet a bit more, drinking more water and if possible cutting back on the amount of time you wear makeup.
Results do happen
We would recommend trying Topical treatments first, before looking at prescription medicines as some of the topical treatments have a really high rate of success. There are natural products as well as a combination of natural and man-made. Success rates are as high as 96% – 98%. Any treatment can take time, with some you will start seeing a difference within 7-10 days, others may take up to a month.
When cleaning your face don’t go from an infected area to the rest of your face, either clean the infected area first and then change the cloth ( changing the cloth is best anyhow) or cleanse all the other areas of your face first and then clean the infected area.
If you decide to go with a Topical treatment be sure to follow the products recommendations about all the steps required.
This is an ongoing situation so a daily routine is required – you can’t take a pill once and hope acne disappears.
Time will generally take care of teen acne in both girls and guys. This doesn’t help the now and that is why we would say a Topical treatment is best, and can have great results. We are not big advocates of taking prescription medicines but in some severe cases this maybe an answer and if you think that you have a severe case then please see a health professional.
We try to stay away from an antibiotic based treatment as acne bacteria are becoming more and more resistant to antibiotics. Plant based products can do a very similar job and these may have an even better result. Some studies have shown that by using natural antiseptic treatments it can even slow the resistance of the bacteria that cause acne.
Please leave a comment below if you would like. Kind Regards.